If you want to visit those places by your spare time, we can help and gather the conference deletages together. You will have partners.
1. Dun-Huang City (敦煌市) TWO DAYS TOUR
Mogao Caves (莫高窟)
The Mogao Caves, also known as the Mogao Grottoes or the Caves of A Thousand Buddhas, are set into a cliff wall of Echoing Sand Mountain about 25km southeast of Dun-Huang, the oasis city in the Gobi desert. This honeycomb of caves was constructed over a millennium, from the 4th to the 14th centuries, and represents the height of Buddhist art and the world's richest treasure house of Buddhist sutras, murals and sculptures.
During its heyday, the cave complex had thousands of caves, and today, a total of 492 grottoes, 45,000 square-meters of murals, 2,400 painted statues and over 250 residential caves remains. Almost every grotto contains a group of colorful paintings of Buddha and Bodhisattvas and other religious paintings, or social activities of different dynasties. The caves carved on the cliff wall provide voluminous research material for the study of all aspects of Chinese medieval society, in areas such as religion, art, politics, economics, military affairs, culture, literature, language, music, dance, architecture and medical science. The rich culture and art unearthed in the caves has even given birth to a new field of study, called "Dunhuangology"!
Mingha Sand Dunes (鸣沙山)
Mingha Sand Dunes and Crescent Moon Spring lies in Dun-Huang, which is one of the 40 Top National Natural Scenery Zones of China. Especially, Mingsha Sand Dunes, situated 6 km southwest away from Dun-Huang Town, is stretching for more than 40 km's long and more than 20 km's wide. According to the historical recording such as “the Book of Later Han dynasty”, the reputation of Mingha Sand Dunes and Crescent Moon Spring in Dun-Huang could be traced back to about 2 thousand years ago, when it had been regarded as a spectacular sight in Tenggeli Desert.
Crescent Moon Spring（月牙泉）
Crescent Moon Spring lies in the arm of the dunes at the foot of Mingsha Hills, extending for 118m from west to the east but only 25m from south to the north. As it looks very much like a new moon hence it is named Crescent Spring. Despite being surrounded by the sand hills, the Spring has never been covered by quick sands and kept clear perennially. Featuring the quite pretty scenes, it neither overflows after rain nor dries up after drought. It is really a wonder that the sands and spring lake coexist together for thousands of years.
A yardang is a streamlined protuberance carved from bedrock or any consolidated or semiconsolidated material by the dual action of wind abrasion by dust and sand, and deflation which is the removal of loose material by wind turbulence. Yardangs become elongated features typically three or more times longer than wide, and when viewed from above, resemble the hull of a boat. Facing the wind is a steep, blunt face that gradually gets lower and narrower toward the lee end. Yardangs are formed by wind erosion, typically of an originally flat surface formed from areas of harder and softer material. The soft material is eroded and removed by the wind, and the harder material remains. The resulting pattern of yardangs is therefore a combination of the original rock distribution, and the fluid mechanics of the air flow and resulting pattern of erosion.
2. Zhangye Danxia landforM(张掖丹霞地貌) One Day tour
The Zhangye Danxia landform is also known as the eye candy of Zhangye. Many artists admire this masterpiece as it appears like a perfect painting on canvas. Zhangye Danxia Landform is both the largest and the most typical of China's arid area danxia landforms. Because of aridity, the Zhangye Danxia Landform differs from that of south China. It is very dry and desolate, without any vegetation, so geologists call this "window lattice and palace-shaped Danxia topography”.
3.Maiji Mountain GrottoeS(麦积山石窟) one day tour
Maiji Mountain is located some 45 kilometers from Tianshui City, and is one of the four famous grottoes in China. This is a single, distinct peak of the Xiaolong Mountain of the Western Qinling Range. The name Maiji comes from the fact that it looks like a huge wheat straw pile from afar. Maiji Mountain enjoys a typical Danxia landform, which is a wind-eroded formation. Raising abruptly from the ground the mountain stands 150 meters high in a secluded area of all greens. Some other famous scenic attractions close to Maiji Mountain including Immortal Cliff, Stone Gate, Twisting Streams and the Old Town of Jieting, etc..
4. Lan ZHOU(兰州) three days tour
Qinghai Province is a sparking jewel set on the northwest plateau of China, where in the Yangtze River, the Yellow River as well as the Mekong River take their source. The scenic quality of Qinghai's widely varying landscape is superb and enticing, offering from the ranges of gleaming mountains with glacier-capped peaks over 6000 meters high to the gobi desert dunes of Qaidam, from lush ranchland to the sapphire-like lakes of vast area, all this has created a land of marvel, mystery and diversity.
Great Lamasery of Kumbum (Taer Lamasery), still one of the living and the most important for believers, was built in 1560. With Tsongkhapa, who found the Yellow sect of lamas and was born in here, all solemn religious celebrations observed here to his honor. The excellent collection in Kumbum are an eyeful of classic Chinese-Tibetan architecture which has been preserved in best condition for centuries and its three typical Tibetan Supreme Arts developed by Kumbum's lama artists, that is evident in Yak Butter Sculpture, Frescoes and Embossed Embroidery.